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Introduction:-

Nowadays dentistry is not just limited to dental fillings, extractions, or replacement of missing teeth by dentures. With the advent of new technology and procedures dental procedures have widened and thus the treatment options have also increased.

Too many people mistakenly believe that they need to see a dentist only if they are in pain or think something is wrong, but they're missing the bigger picture. A dental visit means being examined by a doctor of oral health capable of diagnosing and treating conditions that can range from routine to extremely complex.

Many people today enjoy excellent oral health and are keeping their natural teeth throughout their lives. But this is not the case for everyone. Cavities are still the most prevalent chronic disease of childhood and adult.

More than Just Teeth and Gums

Dentists' areas of care include not only their patients' teeth and gums but also the muscles of the head, neck and jaw, the tongue, salivary glands, the nervous system of the head and neck and other areas. During a comprehensive exam, dentists examine the teeth and gums, but they also look for lumps, swellings, discolorations, ulcerations — any abnormality. When appropriate, they perform procedures such as biopsies, diagnostic tests for chronic or infectious diseases, salivary gland function, and screening tests for oral cancer.

In addition, dentists can spot early warning signs in the mouth that may indicate disease elsewhere in the body. Dentists' training also enables them to recognize situations that warrant referring patients for care by dental specialists or physicians.

Why Oral Health Matters

Numerous recent scientific studies indicate associations between oral health and a variety of general health conditions — including diabetes and heart disease. In response, the World Health Organization has integrated oral health into its chronic disease prevention efforts "as the risks to health are linked."

Dental visits should begin no later than a child's first birthday to establish a "dental home." Dentists can provide guidance to children and parents, deliver preventive oral health services, and diagnose and treat dental disease in its earliest stages. This ongoing dental care will help both children and adults maintain optimal oral health throughout their lifetimes.

LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES : Generally patients visit for various following dental procedures 

 

  • Dental Scanning - Intra mouth
  • Surgical Intervention under general anesthesia
  • Ceramic caps without gold under microscopic control
  • Prosthesis on the implant
  • Vertical and horizontal bone grafting
  • Gum Grafting
  • Palatal orthodontics
  • Fluoride treatments for children
  • Maxillary surgery
  • Over denture
  • Combined prostheses with milling
  • Dental Bonding
  • Dental Bridges
  • Dental Caps
  • Dental Crowns
  • Dental Fillings
  • Dental Implants
  • Dentures
  • Root Canals
  • Teeth Whitening
  • Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
  • Composite and Porcelain Tooth Veneers.

 

We can say that dental procedures or dental treatment can be widely divided into three main areas:

 

RESTORATIVE PROCEDURES

INTRODUCTION

This includes diagnosis and integral management of diseases of teeth and their supporting structures and rehabilitation of the dentition to functional and aesthetic requirements of the individual. Restorative dentistry encompasses the dental specialties of endodontics, periodontics and prosthodontics and its foundation is based upon how these interact in cases requiring multifaceted care.

CARIES

After consideration of individual circumstances, the dentist decides if the lesion requires:

(a)     Filling – small to large caries are treated according to size and depth of lesion using appropriate filling material.

(b)     Monitoring – in cases of arrested caries, it should be monitored and reevaluated every 3-6 months.

(c)     Root canal treatment – if the caries has reached the pulp, rct should be done.

(d)     Extraction – if the tooth is grossly decayed and can not be salvaged then it should be extracted.

 

Large Carious Lesions: treated in layers with an insulating or medicinal layer at the bottom of the cavity to protect the pulpal tissue. Filling is done in layers and cured to prevent micro leakage.

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT

This is done in case of irreversible pulpitis where both coronal and radical pulps are completely removed and obturation is done..Apex Locators, RVG, Torque Control Endomotors are used which make the work easy, fast and accurate.

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