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Introduction:-

Nowadays dentistry is not just limited to dental fillings, extractions, or replacement of missing teeth by dentures. With the advent of new technology and procedures dental procedures have widened and thus the treatment options have also increased.

Too many people mistakenly believe that they need to see a dentist only if they are in pain or think something is wrong, but they're missing the bigger picture. A dental visit means being examined by a doctor of oral health capable of diagnosing and treating conditions that can range from routine to extremely complex.

Many people today enjoy excellent oral health and are keeping their natural teeth throughout their lives. But this is not the case for everyone. Cavities are still the most prevalent chronic disease of childhood and adult.

More than Just Teeth and Gums

Dentists' areas of care include not only their patients' teeth and gums but also the muscles of the head, neck and jaw, the tongue, salivary glands, the nervous system of the head and neck and other areas. During a comprehensive exam, dentists examine the teeth and gums, but they also look for lumps, swellings, discolorations, ulcerations — any abnormality. When appropriate, they perform procedures such as biopsies, diagnostic tests for chronic or infectious diseases, salivary gland function, and screening tests for oral cancer.

In addition, dentists can spot early warning signs in the mouth that may indicate disease elsewhere in the body. Dentists' training also enables them to recognize situations that warrant referring patients for care by dental specialists or physicians.

Why Oral Health Matters

Numerous recent scientific studies indicate associations between oral health and a variety of general health conditions — including diabetes and heart disease. In response, the World Health Organization has integrated oral health into its chronic disease prevention efforts "as the risks to health are linked."

Dental visits should begin no later than a child's first birthday to establish a "dental home." Dentists can provide guidance to children and parents, deliver preventive oral health services, and diagnose and treat dental disease in its earliest stages. This ongoing dental care will help both children and adults maintain optimal oral health throughout their lifetimes.

LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES : Generally patients visit for various following dental procedures 

 

  • Dental Scanning - Intra mouth
  • Surgical Intervention under general anesthesia
  • Ceramic caps without gold under microscopic control
  • Prosthesis on the implant
  • Vertical and horizontal bone grafting
  • Gum Grafting
  • Palatal orthodontics
  • Fluoride treatments for children
  • Maxillary surgery
  • Over denture
  • Combined prostheses with milling
  • Dental Bonding
  • Dental Bridges
  • Dental Caps
  • Dental Crowns
  • Dental Fillings
  • Dental Implants
  • Dentures
  • Root Canals
  • Teeth Whitening
  • Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
  • Composite and Porcelain Tooth Veneers.

 

We can say that dental procedures or dental treatment can be widely divided into three main areas:

 PERIODONTAL PROCEDURES

a) Scaling and polishing:- Dental scaling involves removing plaque (soft, sticky, bacteria infested film) and tartar (calculus) deposits that have built up on the teeth over time. Your teeth are continually bathed in saliva which contains calcium and other substances which help strengthen and protect the teeth. While this is a good thing, it also means that we tend to get a build-up of calcium deposits on the teeth. This hard chalky substance will eventually build up over time. Usually it is tooth coloured and can easily be mistaken as part of the teeth, but it also can vary from brown to black in colour. The procedure of scaling is done by ultrasonic scaler units nowadays. It has a vibratory action by which it knocks down the tartar or calculus around the tooth.

Once all the surfaces are smooth Polishing is done using a slow speed handpiece with a soft rubber cup that spins on the end. Prophylaxis (short for prophy) paste – a special gritty toothpaste-like material – is scooped up like ice cream into the cup and spun around on the teeth to make them shiny smooth

b) CURETTAGE :-

Deep Scaling : is done under local anesthesia (may or may not require anti inflammatory).It is done with Hand Scalers after measuring the pocket depth.

FLAP

It is done under LA and antibiotic cover. Flap is raised in segments and root planning is done. After the procedure flap is sutured back.

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