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Introduction:-

Nowadays dentistry is not just limited to dental fillings, extractions, or replacement of missing teeth by dentures. With the advent of new technology and procedures dental procedures have widened and thus the treatment options have also increased.

Too many people mistakenly believe that they need to see a dentist only if they are in pain or think something is wrong, but they're missing the bigger picture. A dental visit means being examined by a doctor of oral health capable of diagnosing and treating conditions that can range from routine to extremely complex.

Many people today enjoy excellent oral health and are keeping their natural teeth throughout their lives. But this is not the case for everyone. Cavities are still the most prevalent chronic disease of childhood and adult.

More than Just Teeth and Gums

Dentists' areas of care include not only their patients' teeth and gums but also the muscles of the head, neck and jaw, the tongue, salivary glands, the nervous system of the head and neck and other areas. During a comprehensive exam, dentists examine the teeth and gums, but they also look for lumps, swellings, discolorations, ulcerations — any abnormality. When appropriate, they perform procedures such as biopsies, diagnostic tests for chronic or infectious diseases, salivary gland function, and screening tests for oral cancer.

In addition, dentists can spot early warning signs in the mouth that may indicate disease elsewhere in the body. Dentists' training also enables them to recognize situations that warrant referring patients for care by dental specialists or physicians.

Why Oral Health Matters

Numerous recent scientific studies indicate associations between oral health and a variety of general health conditions — including diabetes and heart disease. In response, the World Health Organization has integrated oral health into its chronic disease prevention efforts "as the risks to health are linked."

Dental visits should begin no later than a child's first birthday to establish a "dental home." Dentists can provide guidance to children and parents, deliver preventive oral health services, and diagnose and treat dental disease in its earliest stages. This ongoing dental care will help both children and adults maintain optimal oral health throughout their lifetimes.

LIST OF DENTAL PROCEDURES : Generally patients visit for various following dental procedures 

 

  • Dental Scanning - Intra mouth
  • Surgical Intervention under general anesthesia
  • Ceramic caps without gold under microscopic control
  • Prosthesis on the implant
  • Vertical and horizontal bone grafting
  • Gum Grafting
  • Palatal orthodontics
  • Fluoride treatments for children
  • Maxillary surgery
  • Over denture
  • Combined prostheses with milling
  • Dental Bonding
  • Dental Bridges
  • Dental Caps
  • Dental Crowns
  • Dental Fillings
  • Dental Implants
  • Dentures
  • Root Canals
  • Teeth Whitening
  • Tooth Contouring and Reshaping
  • Composite and Porcelain Tooth Veneers.

 

We can say that dental procedures or dental treatment can be widely divided into three main areas:

ORAL SURGERY

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a more specialized form of dental surgery. This includes surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases , injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. Dentists can prescribe medication, radiographs (x-rays), and devices for home or in-office use. Many oral diseases (such as bilateral odontogenic keratocysts) and abnormalities (such as several unerupted teeth) can indicate systemic, neural, or other diseases. Most general practitioners of dentistry perform restorative, prosthetic, endodontic therapy, periodontal therapy, and exodontia, as well as performing examinations. Many general practitioners are comfortable treating complex cases, as well as placing implants and extracting third molars (wisdom teeth)

 

NORMAL EXTRACTION

 

It is painless removal of a tooth. It is usually done under antibiotic cover unless indicated otherwise.

-          local anesthesia is given.

-          Desired tooth is extracted.

-          Pressure pack is given.

-          Patient is given appropriate instructions.

-          Patient called for check up in 24 to 48 hours.

-          In case of root fractures, it is not left in the socket.

 

ORAL SURGERY PROCEDURES

 

  1. Open Extractions: done for fractured non vital rc treated teeth, grossly decayed teeth, root stumps. It may or may not require suture.
  2. Surgical Extractions: done for Impacted teeth and involve bone cutting. Suture is given which is removed after one week.
  3. Apicoectomy: done for periapical lesions where root canal alone is not sufficient. both the Endodontist and the Oral Surgeon are present at the time of surgery. Sutures are given which are removed after one week.
  4. Tooth Exposure: done for Orthodontic consideration, in cases where an impacted tooth is exposed by Oral Surgeon and brought into the required position by Orthodontist.
  5. Cyst Enucleation: done for removal of cysts. 

PROSTHETIC PROCEDURES

FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE

Crown and Bridge cuttings are done for the replacement of missing teeth .Prophylactic Root Canals may be required.

REMOVABLE/COMPLETE PARTIAL DENTURES

These are given in complete edentulous cases or partially missing teeth. Cast partial dentures, flexi dentures or regular dentures are given depending upon the case and patient requirement.



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